As record numbers of migrants continue to arrive on the small Italian island of Lampedusa, FRANCE 24 looks back at the shipwreck of 2013, which saw 368 people drown off the island. Our reporters met a witness to the tragedy, a survivor and the island's doctor who registered the deaths. All of them want to put an end to these shipwrecks, which have made the Mediterranean the deadliest migrant route in the world.
More than 102,000 people have tried to cross the Mediterranean from Tunisia in 2023 so far in 2023 — a stunning 260% increase from last year.
A baby was one of two victims after a boat carrying migrants and refugees capsized off Tunisia. A similar tragedy, off the northern French coast, left six Afghan nationals dead.
Around 90% of those who cross the EU's external borders illegally do so with the help of migrant smugglers. Who are these smugglers, how do they operate and why do migrants turn to them despite horrific accidents?